Using the TIDE Chart to plan an Essay- Tuesday, September 29

We reviewed paragraph structure last week (see previous lessons), and we will now shift our focus to planning an entire essay. By the end of this week our objective is to write a 3-paragraph essay.


Today, we will be looking at the TIDE Essay Chart/ Organizer. 


We will talk about how to use the chart to plan our essays. Remember, an essay will have the same 3 parts as our paragraphs-  An introduction paragraph (with a main idea), a body section with a complete paragraph(s), and a conclusion paragraph.


TIDE (from


POW-TIDE is an acronym that can help you when you are writing a formal essay for class or for the writing assessment. If you use POW-TIDE, you will go through each step of the writing process ensuring that you are including everything you need for a POWerful essay!!

P—Pull apart the prompt.
O—Organize my thoughts.

W—Write, write, write.

T--Topic Introduction.

I—Important Evidence.

D—Detailed Explanation.




P—Pull apart the prompt.
What question is the prompt asking?Is the prompt asking for an informative piece or an argumentative piece? In your own words, what are you going to write about based on the prompt?

O—Organize my thoughts.
Use the graphic organizer to help you organize what you are going to write before you start writing.

W—Write, write, write.Make sure to include evidence from the text to support my writing.(What is evidence?—We can investigate this further in the TIDE part of the acronym!!)



 "T—Topic introduction.

Restate the topic (thesis statement) and respond to the prompt using the graphic organizer. This where you answer the prompt, and say your main idea of your essay. 

I—Important evidence.

Be sure to use evidence to support your thesis statement (main idea). How are you going to decide what is important? How do you decide if it supports your thesis statement (main idea)? Remember: evidence cited should be clear support, and that is not necessarily what is most interesting to you!

D—Detailed explanation.

For each piece of evidence you present, you must have an explanation connecting your evidence back to your thesis statement (main idea).This is where you write your thoughts and use transition words to help you connect one idea to the other. This is where you explain or give more details about each of your pieces of important evidence.


Restate your thesis statement including bits of evidence that you presented.After you restate your thesis statement (main idea), the “bits of evidence” are a kind of summary of the details of your paper.Let’s try restating your thesis statement. You have to say the same thing you did in the beginning of your paper in different words!

Extra details you need to remember when writing: L—Links

Extra details you need to remember when writing: L—Links. These are transitions that move the writing smoothly from one idea to another. L—Language. Make sure to use vocabulary words (for example, word wall words) that are appropriate to the prompt. (No slang, abbreviations, text language, etc.!)"